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How to guide students who need support

Studies show that parental or teacher engagement has a significantly positive impact on treatment or training outcomes. We recommend that you get to know each of the four exercises, and ask your child if they understand each task — especially if they

Selection

The Selection exercise trains a child to attend to relevant information and filter out distractions.

Prompt questions for the Selection exercise:

“Can you tell me how to play this game?”
When the fish (land and sea theme) or planets (space theme) appear, press all the King’s friends or the Queen’s planets as quickly as possible.

“Can you tell me which fish (land and sea theme) or planet (space theme) you need to press?”
The King’s friends (land and sea theme) or the Queen’s planets (space theme).

“How are the King’s friends (land and sea theme) or Queen’s planets (space theme) different from the other fish or planets?”
The King’s friends are all orange, have rounded foreheads and a simple scale pattern. The Queen’s planets are circular and orange with a horizontal striped pattern.
Note: It is important that your child points out the size, colour, shape and pattern of the target fish or planet. This indicates their level of attention to details.

If your child responds correctly, reward their answer with a statement like, “Well done! Sounds like you really know how to play this game.” If your child responds incorrectly, it can be very helpful to go through the instructions together in the app. You can say to your child, “I want to learn more. Let’s listen to instructions of this game together”. After listening to the instructions, reiterate that your child should only press the King’s friends (land and sea theme) or the Queen’s planets (space theme).

Additionally, in this exercise, your child has a limited amount of time to locate targets before they disappear. Encourage your child to respond quickly by using the following statement:

“Oh no! Looks like the timer keeps running out before you press all the King’s friends (land and sea theme) or Queen’s planets (space theme). Don’t forget to press the target fishes or planets as fast as you can. The faster, the better!”


Focus

The Focus exercise trains a child to have a higher attention span.

Prompt questions for the Focus exercise:

“Can you tell me how to play this game?”
The aim of this game is to wait until the treasure chest full of coins (land and sea theme) or the rocket with a Tali in it (space theme) stops moving. As soon as it stops, press it as quickly as you can.

“When do you touch the treasure chest(s) or rocket(s) — before or after it stops moving?”
After it stops moving.
Note: If your child continues to press the treasure chest/rocket before it stops moving, this is indicative of an impulsive response.

“If there are two or more treasure chests or rockets, which one do you press?”
Only the treasure chest that is full of coins or the rocket with a Tali in it.

If your child responds correctly, reward their answer with a statement like, “Well done! Sounds like you really know how to play this game.” If your child responds incorrectly, it can be very helpful to go through the instructions together in the app. You can say to your child, “I want to learn more. Let’s listen to instructions of this game together”. After listening to the instructions, reiterate that your child should press the treasure chest that is full of coins or the rocket with a Tali in it on only after it stops moving.

Additionally, in this exercise, your child has a limited amount of time to locate targets before they disappear. Encourage your child to respond quickly by using the following statement:

“Oh no! Looks like the timer keeps running out before you press the treasure chest (land and sea theme) or rocket (space theme). Don’t forget to press the treasure chest or rocket as soon as it stops moving. The faster, the better!”


Control

The Control exercise trains a child to make a decision when faced with conflicting information.

Prompt questions for the Control exercise:

“Can you tell me how to play this game?”
Follow the instructions to Feed Elvis (land and sea theme) or Bob (space theme). You will be asked to press the food bag that matches either Elvis/Bobs colour, or the direction Elvis/Bob is facing.

“Which bag should you press?”
Depending on which instruction is given, press the food bag that matches either Elvis/Bobs colour, or the direction Elvis/Bob is facing.

“How do you know which elephant is Elvis (land and sea theme) or which alien is Bob (space theme)?”
Elvis/Bob always wears red boots.

If instructed to play by colour rule, ask:

“What colour are the food bags and what colour is Elvis/Bob? Are you supposed to pick the food bag with the same colour or different colour to Elvis/Bob?”
The same colour.

If instructed to play by direction rule, ask:

“What direction is Elvis/Bob facing, left or right? Which food bag is on the left, and which food bag is on the right? If Elvis/Bob is facing left, are you supposed to press the food bag on the left?”
Yes. For example, if Elvis/Bob is facing left, press the food bag on the left (regardless of whether Elvis/Bob is on the left or right side of the screen). If Elvis/Bob is facing right, press the food bag on the right (regardless of whether Elvis/Bob is on the left side or right side of the screen).

If your child responds correctly, reward their answer with a statement like, “Well done! Sounds like you really know how to play this game.”

If your child responds incorrectly, it can be very helpful to go through the instructions together in the app. You can say to your child, “I want to learn more. Let’s listen to instructions of this game together”. After listening to the instructions, reiterate that your child should press the bag that is the same colour or direction as Elvis/Bob, depending on the instructions given.

Additionally, in this exercise, your child has a limited amount of time to locate targets before they disappear. Encourage your child to respond quickly by using the following statement:

“Oh no! Looks like the timer keeps running out before you press the correct food bag. Don’t forget to press the correct food bag as fast as you can. The faster, the better!”


Inhibition

The Inhibition exercise trains a child to avoid impulsive behaviour.

Prompt questions for the Inhibition exercise:

“Can you tell me how to play this game?”
The aim of this game is to wait until the tent curtain (land and sea theme) or space pod (space theme) opens to see who’s inside. If there’s an elephant (land and sea theme) or Tali (space theme) inside, press it as quickly as possible.

“Which characters shouldn’t you press in this game?”
The monkey, bear, and tiger (land and sea theme) or alien (space theme).

“Which characters should you press in this game?”
The elephants, Elvis, Ellie, and Eric (land and sea theme), or the Tali (space theme).

If your child responds correctly, reward their answer with a statement like, “Well done! Sounds like you really know how to play this game.”

If your child responds incorrectly, it can be very helpful to go through the instructions together in the app. You can say to your child, “I want to learn more. Let’s listen to instructions of this game together”. After listening to the instructions, reiterate that your child should press only the elephants (land and sea theme) or the Tali (space theme).

Additionally, in this exercise, your child has a limited amount of time to locate targets before they disappear. Encourage your child to respond quickly by using the following statement:

“Oh no! Looks like the timer keeps running out before you press the elephant (land and sea theme) or Tali (space theme). Don’t forget to press the elephant/Tali as soon as you see it. The faster, the better!”